David B
Lauren M


Monerans
The kingdom monera is made of different bacteria with no nucleus and is single-celled.
An example of bacteria from this kingdom, found in the grasslands, is Pseudomonas.
These are found in wet areas or the soil. One Genus species is Pseudomonas putida.


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Pseudomonas putida

Another example would be Xanthomonas campestris, which causes many plant diseases and can be used to make a certain kind of gum. It can be found deep in the wheat of the grasslands.

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an example of Xanthomonas campestris




Protists
Protists are made up of organisms that makes food (algae), and the other that doesn't (Protozoans).
Examples of bacteria from this kingdom include Protostelida. Protostelida can be found in soil, dung, or in bark feeding off of other bacteria. A Genus species would be Protostelium mycophaga.



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Protostelium mycophaga



Another example of a protist would be a Trichonympha, the Genus species being Trichonympha campanula. Trichonympha campanula is located in the guts of termites and wood roaches, breaking down cellulose for them.



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Trichonympha



Kingdom Fungi Fungi organisms are multi-celled, have no chlorophyll, and absorb nutrients instead of making them. Fungi of the grasslands can include Hygrocybe spp. or the "waxcap" mushroom. These can be found in places that are well drained and that have a low availability of nitrogen: Like an old unimproved pasture. Hygrocybe spp. have thick, waxy gills, moist flesh and slimy caps and can be found in pink, green, yellow, or red.




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Hygrocybe spp. or "waxcap".

Another example of a type of fungi sometimes found in some grasslands is Entoloma rhodopolium, or wood pinkgill, which is a poisonous mushroom in North American and European grasslands. These can be located on or in soil.


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Entoloma rhodopolium



Kingdom Plantae
Plants are multi-celled, and have cell walls and chlorophyll. Divisions are as follows:

Bryophyta
Lycopodiophyta
Equisetophyta
Psilotophyta
Polypodiophyta
Pinophyta
Magnoliophyta

One example from the grasslands of the division Magnoliophyta is grama grass, (Bouteloua gracilis). It is found in North America, in dry areas where there is plenty of sun: Making the grasslands it's perfect growing space. It can withstand long droughts but still needs all the water it can get. It's amount decreases in areas that are heavily grazed.
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Monocotyledones
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Bouteloua
species:
gracilis



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Blue grama grass




Cycas circinalis is a type of palm tree that was once thought to be linked to a certain disease, but is now safe. It belongs to the division Pinophyta and can be found in Africa. It can grow in most soils, but prefers loose, sandy soil with organic matter that takes on a lot of sunshine.
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Cycadopsida
Order: Cyadales
Family: Cyadaceae
Genus: Cycas
species: circinalis



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Cycas circinalis




Plagiogyria glauca is also a plant found in the grasslands. It is a fern belonging to the division Polypodiophyta. It can be found, like most ferns, growing in the soil.
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Polypodiophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Plagiogyriales
Family: Plagiogyriaceae
Genus: Plagiogyria
Species: glauca



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A type of Plagiogyria




From the division Bryophyta, there is Brachythecium rutabulum: a type of moss. This can be found in high elevations or on decaying logs.

Kingdom: Plantae
Division:Bryophyta
Class: Bryopsida
Order: Bryidae
Family: Brachytheciaceae
Genus: Brachythecium
Species: rutabulum


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Brachythecium rutabulum




Another example is Marchantia polymorpha, a liverwort of the division Hepatophyta. This is found mostly on wet mineral soil, under full sunlight, especially in recently burned areas.
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Hepatophyta
Class: Hepaticae
Order: Marchantiales
Family: Marchantiaceae
Genus: Marchantia
Species: polymorpha


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Marchantia polymorpha




One other plant found in the grasslands is Abildgaardia afroorientalis, from the division Tracheophyta. It is a type of grass found in Kenya.
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Tracheophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Cyperales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Abildgaardia
Species: afroorientalis


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Abildgaardia afroorientalis




Finally, there is Acrochaetium brebneri. It is a type of algae in Kenya that grows in wet areas.
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Family: Acrochaetiaceae
Order: Acrochaetiales
Genus: Acrochaetium
Species: brebneri


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Acrochaetium brebneri





Kingdom Animalia
Animals are multi-celled, and they digest food inside their body


European Adder Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Vipera
species: berus

Vipera berus, or the European adder are found in the European and Asian grasslands, in sunny areas and rocky hillsides. This snake is considered a secondary carnivore.




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Red-Tailed Hawk
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chrodata
Class: Aves
Order: Accipitriformes
Family: Accipitridae
Genus: Buteo
species: jamaicensis

The Red-Tailed Hawk, or Buteo jamaicensis lives mainly in trees along grassy roadside verges and on bluffs in North America. The red-tailed hawk is a carnivore.


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Knife-footed frog
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Genus: Cyclorana
species: cultripes

Cyclorana cultripes can only be found in Australia, making it unique there. This amphibian is referred to as a primary carnivore.

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Eastern Cottontail
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Lagomorpha
Family: Leporidae
Genus: Sylvilagus
species: floridanus

Sylvilagus floridagus is a mammal and herbivore that can be found in North and South America, in places such as Arizona, and New Mexico. They dwell in very shrubby areas.

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Glossy Pillar Snails
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Stylommatophora
Family: Cionellidae
Genus: Cionella
species: lubrica

Cochlicopa lubrica is a snail that is found in the European grasslands: In places such as Great Britain, Ireland, and the Netherlands. Being a snail, it is a herbivore and a mollusk.

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Pronghorn Antelope
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Antilocapridae
Genus: Antilocapra
species: americana
This deer-like mammal can be found in places like Wyoming and parts of northern Colorado. It is a herbivore.

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Mermis nigrescens
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Adenophorea
Order: Stichosomida
Family: Mermithidae
Genus: Mermis
species: nigrescens
This roundworm has no common name and can be found in the British Isles, Europe, and North America. It feeds off a living host when young, and does not eat when older.

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Mermis nigrescens


Grasshopper Sparrow
Kingdom:
Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Emberizidae
Genus: Ammodramus
species: savannarum
This omnivore is found in southern Canada and the United States. However, they migrate to Central America and the Caribbean.
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Growling Grass Frog
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae Genus: Litoria
Species: raniformis
This can be found in South eastern Australia, where it is native to, but in other places too. It is an amphibian and a primary carnivore.


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Growling Grass Frog


Arizona bark scorpion

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Chelicerata
Order: Scorpiones
Family: Buthidae Genus: Centruroides
Species: sculpturatis
This arthropod is a carnivore and can be found in the southwest U.S.


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Arizona Bark Scorpion




Western Fox SnakeKingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Pantherophis
Species: vulpina
The western fox snake can be found in open prairies and farmland, in places like Michigan and Wisconsin. It is a secondary carnivore.

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Western Fox Snake


Red Harvester Ants
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Genus: Pogonomyrmex
Species: barbatus
The red harvester ant is an arthropod and can be found in open areas in Texas. Being an ant it is an omnivore.


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Red Harvester Ants


Milk worm
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order: Opisthopora
Family: Megascolecidae
Genus: Octochaetus
Species: multiporus
This decomposer is a segmented worm and can be found in subsoil or sometimes on topsoil.


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Milk Worm



Giant kidney worm
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nimathelminthes
Class: Nematoda
Order: Enoplida
Family: Dioctophymidae
Genus: Dioctophyme
Species: renale
The Giant kidney worm can be found inside of maned wolves living in grasslands. They are roundworms and are also decomposers.

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Giant Kidney Worm


Banded Dune Snail
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Stylommatophora
Family: Helminthoglyptidae
Genus: Helminthoglypta
Species: walkeriana
This mollusk can be found under rocks and debris. It is a herbivore.

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Banded Dune Snail


Giant Gippsland Earthworm
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Clitellata
Order: Opisthopora
Family: Megascolecidae
Genus: Megascolides
Species: australis
Being an earthworm, it is also a decomposer and a segmented worm. It is native to Australia, in the subsoil of clay soils.



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Giant Gippsland Earthworm



New Zealand Flat Worm
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Turbellaria
Order: Tricladida
Family: Geoplanidae
Genus: Artioposthia
Species: triangulata
This decomposer is found in New Zealand, resting on the surface of soil or hunting underneath it.



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New Zealand Flat Worm


Lancet Liver Fluke
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Trematoda
Order: Plagiorchiida
Family: Dicrocoeliidae
Genus: Dicrocoelium
Species: dendriticum
This Flat worm is a decomposer and can be found in the liver of animals, such as a terrestrial snail.

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Lancet Liver Fluke







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