Criss A.
Karen K.
Welcome to the Desert Facts Page!

Moneran Kingdom
no nucleus,single celled.
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The cocci bacteria
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The spirilla bacteria
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The bacilli bacteria
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Streptomyces rimosus

Cocci, spirilla, and bacilli are all part of the bacteria phylum. These different classes can be divided into Genus' and species. Cyanobacteria is the other phlyum in the moneran kingdom. Streptomyces rimosus and Streptomyces noursei are examples of a monerans that live in the desert. They most likely live in the crevices in rocks and cliff-faces. They are well adapted to living in dry, extreme environments.

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Eimeria nieschulzi
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Eimeria (general)

Protist Kingdom
Nucleus and organelles, most single-celled.
Eimeria falciformes, Eimeria nieschulzi, and Eimeria indianensis are all examples of protists in the desert environment. These organisms most likely live in the same crevices as the monerans, and possibly more than that.



Fungi Kingdom

Nucleus, no chlorophyll, consumers (absorb nutrients of rocks), multi-celled

One example of a desert fungus is Podaxis pistillaris, or the Desert Shaggy Mane. It is probably the most common fungi in the desert. It lives in dry, shriveled shrubs.
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Podaxis pistillaris "Desert Shaggy Mane"

Another example of a desert fungus is Astraeus hygrometricus, or the Hard-skinned Puffball. It lives among dry twigs and sticks, like the previous example. Desert fungi tend to be well-adapted to things like dry weather, little precipitation.
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Astraeus hygrometericus



Plant Kingdom
multi-celled, have chlorophyll, cell walls

Psilotophyta
Selaginella eremophila is a pteridophyte, otherwise known as wisk fern. The common name for this fern is the desert spikemoss. That's a deceiving name for a fern. It lives between rocks.
Kingdom: Plant
Phylum: Lycopodiophyta
Class: Lycopodiopsida
Order: Selaginellales
Family: Selaginellaceae
Genus: Selaginella
species: ermophila
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Selaginella eremophila


Pinophyta
Pinophyta is a division of plants more commonly known as conifers. These are evergreen trees such as cypress trees. An example of pinophyta is the Arizona Cypress. The scientific name is Cupressus arizonica. The Arizona Cypress' cones are soft and fleshy, and their bark is smooth and white. The have hard, scale-like needles. They grow in the dry soil of the desert.
Kingdom: Plant
Phylum: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Cupressaceae
Genus: Cupressus
species: arizonica
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Cupressus arizonica


Polypodiophyta

Woodsia phillipsii is a fern.The common name is Phillips' cliff fern. It lives in the dry ground by rocks.
Kingdom: Plant
Phylum: Polypodiophyta
Class: Filicopsida
Order: Polypodioales
Family: Dryopteridaceae
Genus: Woodsia
species: phillipsii
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Woodsia phillipsii




Heoaticophyta
liverwarts grow were it is wet but they don't cover as much of the wet area.
The common name is Califonia Aserela

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Heoaticophyta
Class: Hepaticopsida
Order: Marchaniales
Familiy: Aytoniaceae
Genus: Asterella
Species: californica
Asterella californica
Asterella californica

Magnoliophyta
Yermo xanthocephalus is a rare plant. Its found on the desert floor, only in Wyoming.
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Yermo
Species: xanthocephalus

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Sphenophyta
Another division of the plant kingdom is sphenophyta, or the horsetails. Equisetum hyemale is a horsetail that lives in the Chihuahua Desert.
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Equisetum hyemale

Kingdom: Plant
Phylum: Sphenophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order: Equisetales
Family: Equisetaceae
Genus: Equisetum
species: hyemale

Gnetophyta
An example of the division Gnetophyta is Ephedra americana.
It lives in the dry soil of many deserts.
Kingdom: Plant
Phylum: Gnetophyta
Class: Gnetopsida
Order: Gnetales
Family: Ephedraceae
Genus: Ephedra
species: americana
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Ephedra americana



Animal Kingdom

Arthropods
The Desert Blond Tarantula lives in the Soutwest deserts of the United States. It would be classified as carnivore, and more specifically a secondary carnivore, since it eats other carnivores like lizards. It's scientific name is Aphonopelma chalcodes.
Kingdom: Animal
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Family: Theraphosidae
Genus: Aphonopelma
species: chalcodes
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Desert Blond Tarantula


Mammals
The Mexican Gray Wolf, or Canis lupus baileyi, is a mammal that lives in the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts. It is a carnivore.
Kingdom: Mammals
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
species: lupus
sub-species: baileyi
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Mexian Gray Wolf


Reptiles
The Gila Monster, or Heloderm suspectum, is an infamous desert-dwelling lizard, which happens to be one of the only two species of lizards that are poisonous. The Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan deserts are some of the deserts in the United States that the Gila Monster lives in. The Gila Monster is a secondary carnivore. It eats such things as other reptiles, birds' eggs, and rodents.
Kingdom: Animal
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Helodermatidae
Genus: Heloderm
species: suspectum
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Gila Monster



Birds
The Turkey Vulture, or Cathartes aura, are a large bird species that do not hunt their food. They eat the decaying flesh of dead animals. Even though their prey is already dead, Turkey Vultures are consider carnivores, because the definition of carnivore is "Eats animals". The Turkey Vulture lives in the deserts fot he U.S.A.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Falconiformes
Family: Cathartidae
Genus: Cathartes
species: aura
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Turkey Vulture


Amphibians

The Red Spotted Toad lives in the Sonoran desert around temporary streams and small waterholes. Its scientific name is Bufo punctatus. The Red Spotted Toad is a carnivore who mostly eats invertebrates.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
species: punctatus
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Red Spotted Toad


Bony Fish
The Amargosa Pupfish, or Cyprinodon nevadensis, is a bony fish that lives in the Sonoran and Mojave deserts. They are herbivores that eat brown and green algae. It lives in the warm pools of water, marshes, and streams found scarcely throughout the desert.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cyprinodontiformes
Family: Cyprinodontidae
Genus: Cyprinodon
species: nevadensis
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Amargosa Pupfish


Arthropods
The Western Tiger Swallow, whose scientific name is Papilio rutulus, is a butterfly lives from British Columbia to Mexico due to its migration pattern. They are herbivores that eat trees and such when they are larvae, and flower nectar when they are adults.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Papilio
species: rutulus
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Western Tiger Swallowtail


Mammals
Ammospermophilus leucurus, the White-tailed Antelope Ground Squirrel, is an omnivore that lives in the Soutwestern U.S. and Northern Mexico. Its diet consists of lizards, rodents, and plants.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Scuridae
Genus: Ammospermophilus
species: leucurus
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White tailed antelope ground squirrel


Reptiles
Gopherus agassizii is the scientific name of a certain Desert Tortoise. This tortoise is an herbivore that eats such things as herbs, wildflowers and shrubs. It lives in certain parts of the Mojave Desert.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Order: Testudines
Family: Testudinidae
Genus: Gopherus
species: agassizii
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Desert Tortoise


Birds
Gambel's Quail is a desert dwelling bird that feeds mostly on insects when it is a chick, but is specified as an herbivore because adults have vegetarian diets. It lives in the Colorado and Mojave deserts among others. It's scientific name is Callipepla gambelii.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Odontophoridae
Genus: Callipepla
species: gambelii
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Female Gambel's Quail
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Male Gambel's Quail


Mammals
The Gemsbok, a large African antelope, is an herbivore that lives mostly in the Kalahari Desert. It eats the well-adapted plants that live in the desert. Its scientific name is Oryx gazella.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Oryx
species: gazella
Oryx_gazella.jpg
Oryx gazella


Fish
Cyprinodon diabolis, or the Devil's Hole pupfish, is another pupfish that lives in the warm marshed, stream, and pools of water in the desert. They are herbivores that eat the same types of algae as their relatives.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cyprinodontiformes
Family: Cyprinodontae
Genus: Cyprinodon
species: diabolis
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Devil's Hole pupfish


Birds
The raven, scientific name Corvus corax, is a desert bird that feeds on mice and carrion, as well as seeds and nuts, although it doesn't eat much of those. People classify it as an carnivore, even though it rarely eats plants. The raven lives mainly around the west coast of the United States, in places like California.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Corvidae
Genus: Corvus
species: corax
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Raven


Mollusks
The Decollate Snail is a omnivorous snail tha twas introduced to the desert. It is not a native desert dweller, but it has adapted well to living in the desert. It eats plants, but mostly other snails.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Pulmonata
Family: Subulinidae
Genus: Rumina
species: decollata
Decollate_Snail.jpg
Decollate Snail

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