Rachel M.
Alexandria S.
5 Kingdoms of the Coral Reef
Monera Kingdom Of the Coral Reef

Monera-no nucleus, single celled.
Two examples of Monera Cells Found in the Coral Reef are Oscillatoria brevis, which is a type of Cyanobacteria, and Lygbya Majusula, which is a type of bacteria. is known for being most found in marine and fresh water areas are mostly located in the reef on the ocean floor and coral groups. One more found in the reef is L. Majuscula Bacteria and was collected from a reef off the waters of Panama. It creates a poison toxin that shows affect against the human cancer test.
250px-Anabaena_sperica.jpg
example picture of Oscirilla brevis
Example Picture of Lygbya Majusucula Bacteria
Example Picture of Lygbya Majusucula Bacteria



Protist Kingdom Of the Coral Reef Protist-most single celled with organelles
Two examples of Protist cells found in the coral reef is
Chorella varagata, which is an example of Zoochlorella algae, and Paramecium aurelia, which is an example of the wide range of Paramecium. Paramecium aurelia are found off the coast of Japan and floating about in the water of the coral reef areas. Chorella varagata are mostly found in coral reefs, fresh water, and marine water. It grows anywhere in the coral reef setting.
example picture of Chorella varagata
example picture of Chorella varagata
example picture of Parameciam aurelia
example picture of Parameciam aurelia


Fungi Kingdom of the Coral Reefdefinition of fungi-spore producing and absorbs nutrients around
One example of Fungi from the Coral Reef is, Phytophora infestans, which is a type of Oomycete Fungi, located on the shore of Addendum. Another example of Fungi from the Coral Reef is, Aspergillus fumigitas, which is a type of Aspergillus Fungus that creates Sea Browning on Coral in the Coral Reef.


LocalImage.jpg
example picture of Phytophora infestans
240px-Staphylococcus_aureus_01.jpg
example picture of Aspergilligus Fumigitas





Plant Kingdom Of The Coral Reef
Definition of Plantae-can make own food, most multi-celled, and has chloryphyll and chloroplasts
One example of Plants in the Coral Reef Hylophila ovalies (scientific name for a type of seagrass.)Brown seaweed is also a plant that is living in the coral reefs. For over 15 years, the brown seaweed has been suffocating the colorful corals of Florida, the Bahamas and the Caribbean, and killing it.
sea_grass.jpg
Hylophila ovalies
Seagrass
Kingdom: Plantae
Divison(Phylum): Magnoliophyta
Class:Liloposida
Order: Alismatales
Family: Pocidoniacesea
Genus: Hylophila
species: ovalies

Another example is the Mermaid's wineglass (or Acetabularia crenulata)
It is located in the reef in sheltered coral areas and sticking to rocks.
Acetabularia crenulata
mermaids_wineglass.jpg
Acetabularia crenulata

Kingdom: Plantae
Division(Phylum): Chlorophyta
Class: Ulvophyceae
Order: Dasycladales
Family: Polyphysaceae
Genus: Acetabularia
species: crenulata



Another example of a plant from the plantea kingdom is Ceramium virgatum. It is a red algae found in the British Isles.
redseaweed.jpg
Ceramium virgatum

Ceramium virgatum
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order: Ceramiales
Family: Ceramiaceae
Genus: Ceramium
species: virgatum




Anther example of plants from the coral reef is the Red Managrove (or Rhitzophora mangle). It is found on the waters edge.
Rmangle.jpg
Rhitzophora mangle

Rhitzophora mangle
Kingdom: Plantae
Division(Phylum): Tracheophyta
Class: Angiosperm
Order: Myrtales
Family: Rhitzphoraceae
Genus: Rhitzophora
species: mangle


Another example from the plant kingdom is the Ectocarpus siliculosus. It is a brown algae found around the waters surface and edge.
brownalgae.jpg
Brown algae or Ectocarpus siliculosus

Ectocarpus siliculosus
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Phaeophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order: Ectocarpales
Family: Ectocarpaceae
Genus: Ectocarpus
species: siliculosus


Another example of plants from the Coral Reef is another typ
coral_reef_seagrass.jpg
Halodule pinifoila
e of seagrass, Halodule pinifoila.
Halodule pinifoila

Kingdom: Plantae
Division(Phylumn): Anthophyta (Angiosperm)
Class: Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Cymodoceaceae
Genus: Halodule
species: pinifoilia

One last example is Alariaceae grandfolia, which is a type of a kelp family. It is located in the middle of the reef areas.
Alariaceae grandfolia
Kelp washed ashore
Kelp washed ashore

Kingdom: Chromalveolata

Division(Phylum): Heterokontophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order: Laminariales
Family: Alariaceae
Genus: Alaiaceae
species: grandfolia






Kingdom AnimaliaDefinition: Multi-celled, digest food in body
INVERTEBRATES- NO BACKBONE OR SPINAL CORD
SPONGES
One example of animals from the coral reef is(an invertebrate) known as a barrel sponge. Its found on the floor of the reef.
sponge#1.jpg
Barrel Sponge
It is a Producer.
Barrel Sponge Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demosponge
Order: Hapoclerida
Family: Halicionda
Genus: Xestospongia
species: muta
Another example of animals from the coral reef is(an invertebrate) known as a yellow throated tube sponge. It is also found on the floor of the reef, it is a secondary consumer.
Yellow Throated Tube Spongeexternal image show_image.php?filename=12849&width=180&height=180
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order: Verongida
Family: Alpysinidae
Genus: Aiolochroia
Species: crassa
COELENTERATES
An example of animals from the coral reef is(an invertebrate) known as a type of black coral. Its found in the Caribbean in the coral reef. It is a herbivore.
coral_black.jpg
Black Coral

Rock Leg Coral
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthrozoa
Order: Ciriantipatharia
Family: Antipathidae
Genus: Antipathallea
species: strigosa
Another example of animals from the coral reef is(an invertebrate) known as the Pacific Sea Nettle. It is a jellyfish found in the Pacific Ocean coral reefs from California through Alaska. It is a secondary consumer.
external image 250px-Singular_Sea_Nettle.jpg
Pacific Sea Nettle
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Scyphozoa
Order: Semaeostomeae
Family: Pelagiidae
Genus: Chrysaora
species: fuscescens
ROUNDWORMS
An example of animals from the Coral Reef(invertebrate) is known as a Christmas Tree Worm. Divers love to view it at the top of coral clusters. It is a decomposer.
christmas_tree_worm.jpg
Christmas Tree Worm

Christmas Tree Worm
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Anneledia
Class: Polychaeta
Order: Canalipalpata
Family: Seripulidae
Genus: Spirobranchus
species: giganteus
FLATWORMS
An example of animals from the coral reef is(an invertebrate) known as a ribbon worm. It is found on rocks in the reef, it is a decomposer.
ribbon worm
ribbon worm
ribbon worm

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nemertea
Class: Anopla
Order: Palaeonemertea
Family: Carinomidae
Genus: Prostoma
species: longissimus
Another example of an animal in the coral reef, is (invertebrate) known as the Pseudobiceros hancockanus.
Pseudobiceros hancockanus
Pseudobiceros hancockanus
It is a decomposer.
Pseudobiceros hancockanus
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Turbellaria
Order: Polycladida
Family Pseudoceritidae
Genus: Pseudobiceros
species: hancockanus
MOLLUSK
Another example of an animal from the coral reef is (invertabrate), a mollusk, a squid. Also known as the Caribbean Reef Squid. It commonly flies through the reef. It is an herbivore.
Caribbean Reef Squid
Caribbean Reef Squid
Sepioteuthis sepioidea
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Teuthida
Family: Loliginidae
Genus: Sepioteuthis
species: sepioidea
Another example of animals from the coral reef is the blue ringed octopus(invertebrate.) It is found in the shallow areas of the Great Barrier Reef off of the coast of Australia. It is a secondary consumer.
Blue Ringed Octopusoctopus.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Octopoda
Family:Octopodaea
Genus: Hapalochlaena
species: maculosa
ARTHROPOD
Another example of animals from the coral reef is the Squat Lobster. It is an invertebrate and an example of an arthropod. It is a herbivore.
Squat Lobster
Squat Lobster
Squat Lobster

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Cancridae
Genus: Raymundia
species: confundesn

Another example of a arthropod is a spotted cleaner shrimp. Its is an invertebrate and lives anywhere in the coral reef, and also a herbivore.
Spotted Cleaner Shrimp256px-Spotted_cleaner_shrimp.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Palaemonidae
Genus: Pariclimenes
species: yucatanicus

ECHINODERM
Another example of an Animalia from the Coral Reef is (an invertebrate, echinoderm) the starfish. It is located sticking to the rock and the floor of the reef. It is a herbivore.
Starfish
starfish
starfish

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Order: Paxillosida
Family: Goniasteridae
Genus: Zooroaster
species: brevispinus
Another example of an Animalia from the coral reef is(an invertebrate) a heart urchin. It is located along the floor of the Great Barrier Reef. It is a primary consumer.
Heart Urchin
Heart Urchin
Heart Urchin

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Order: Cidaroido
Family: Loveniidae
Genus: Brissopsis
species: lyrifera
VERTEBRATES- WITH BACKBONE OR SPINAL CORD, HAS ENDOSKELETON, HEAD, APPENDAGES, AND WELL DEVELOPED ORGAN SYSTEM
JAWLESS FISH
One example of an Animalia from the coral reef is(a vertebrate) a sea lamprey. It is found on the shores of Sweden, sucking blood of other organisms on the reef floor. It is a herbivore.
Sea Lamprey
Sea Lamprey
Sea Lamprey

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Cephalaspidomorphi
Order: Petromyzontiformes
Family: Petromyzontidae
Genus: Geotria
species: australis

Another example of jawless fish is the Pacific Hagfish. It is a carnivore and eats leeches and other types of worms. It lives near the ocean floor.
Pacific Hagfish
Pacific_hagfish_Myxine.jpg
Pacific Hagfish

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Myxini
Order: Myxiniformes
Family: Myxinidae
Genus: Eptatretus
species: Stoutii

BONY FISH
Another example of an Animalia from the coral reef is(a vertebrate) a Yellowfin tuna. It is found swimming through the middle of the reef. It is a secondary carnivore.
Yellowfin tuna
YellowfinTuna
YellowfinTuna

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Scombridae
Genus: Thunnus
species: albacares
Another example of an Animalia from the coral reef is(a vertebrate) a Eel-tailed Catfish. It is found sucking the ground of the reef. It is a secondary carnivore.
Eel-tailed Catfish
eel tailed catfish
eel tailed catfish

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chorodata
Class: Osteichthyes
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Plotosidae
Genus: Tandanus
species: tandanus
CARTILAGINOUS FISH
Another example of animals from the coral reef is(a vertebrate) a white-tip reef shark. It is located underneath rocks in the reef, lurking. It is an omnivore.
White-tip Reef shark
White-tip reef shark
White-tip reef shark

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Family: Carcharhinidae
Genus: Triaeodon
species: obesus
Another example of animals from the coral reef is(an invertebrate) a Manta Ray. It is found swimming through the reefs, especially in the Cayman Islands, it is an omnivore.
Manta Ray
 Manta Ray
Manta Ray

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Rajiformes
Family: Myliobatidae
Genus: Manta
species: birostris
REPTILES
Another example of an Animalia from the coral reef is(a vertebrate) a Sea Snake. It is found weaving through the corals in the reef. It is a secondary carnivore.
Sea Snake
Sea Snake
Sea Snake

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chorodata
Class: Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Hydrophis
species: spiralis
Another example of an Animalia from the Coral Reef is(a vertebrate) a Hawsbill Turtle. It is found swimming over the reefs frequently, and bringing young there to explore. It is an omnivore.
Hawksbill Turtle
Hawsbill Turtle
Hawsbill Turtle

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chorodata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Cheloniidae
Genus: Eretmochelys
Species: imbricata

Birds
An example of Birds in the Coral reef, is the Sooty Tern. It is an omnivore.
Sooty Tern
240px-Sterna_fuscata.jpg
Sooty Tern

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Sternidae
Genus: Onychoprion
species: fuscatus

Another example of birds in the coral reef, is the Wilsons Storm-petrel. It is a carnivore.
Wilsons Storm-petrel
180px-Oceanites_oceanicusPCCA20070623-3634B.jpg
wilson storm-petrel

Kngdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Procellariiformes
Family: Hydrobatidae
Genus: Oceanites
species: oceanicus

MAMMALS
Another example of an Animalia from the coral reef is(a vertebrate)a West Indian Manatee. It is found swimming over the top of reefs in the western part of the Indian Ocean. It is a herbivore.
West Indian Manatee
West Indian Manatee
West Indian Manatee

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chorodata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Sirenia
Family: Trichechidae
Genus: Trichechus
species: manatus

Another type of mammal in the coral reef is a California Sea lion. It lives on the coasts of California, Mexico and some live on the Galapagoes Islands. They are omnivores.
California Sea lions
200px-California_Sea_Lion_%28Zalophus_californianus%29_03.jpg
California Sea Lion

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Pinnipedia
Genus: Zalophus
species: californianus

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